What is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a disorder and dysfunction of peripheral nerves. Symptoms of neuropathy vary from patient to patient based on severity, chronicity and type of neuropathy. Common symptoms manifest from a nerve dysfunction and show themselves as weakness or sensory symptoms (pain, numbness, tingling, burning etc) in the affected areas. Neuropathy can be diffuse or focal. The areas affected are peripheral nerves (such as arms, legs, face etc.) as opposed to one’s central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). It is usually characterized by a gradual and progressive deterioration of one’s autonomic, motor and sensory nerves. Neuropathy can come about without a known cause, but it can also be the result of a physical trauma, exposure to toxins or it can stem from problems in one’s metabolism. It is common for doctors to be unable to find an underlying cause for neuropathy (this is labeled as Idiopathic Neuropathy). Some types of neuropathy such as CIDP can be treated and sometimes cured with infusion of IVIG therapy.